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Velayat-e Faghih A Model of Political Development in the Islamic Republic of Iran


 submission: 06/08/2018 | acception: 28/04/2019 | publication: 01/05/2019

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Authors
mojtaba norouzi1, mahmoud shariati2*

1-Shahrekord University،m.norouzi88@yahoo.com

2-Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Golestan University،shariate49@yahoo.com



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Abstract

The relationship between religion and politics is the most fundamental issue in terms of priority and priority in the political thought of Islam. The rejection of this relationship would lead to the emergence of "Christian Islam" or "religious secularism" and its acceptance of "Islam Mohammadi" and "the thought of Velayat-e faqih". "Establishment in the thought of Velayat-e faqih" is one of the irreversible patterns and lessons in the political thought of Islam. The background and continuity of the thought of the Velayat-e faqih is expressed and influenced by the principles of the Qur'an, narratives, as well as the product of the intellectual effort of the Shia philosophers and jurisprudents, which coincided with the era of its structure and its foundation. This approach began with the theorizing of philosophers such as Farabi, and peaked at the time of Imam Khomeini. Therefore, Shi'a scholars, with the acceptance of the Velayat-e faqih as the fruit of "the autonomy of religious thought" against the imported and foreign identities of deception, have consistently pursued and systematized the protection of the identity of the revelation and the faith of the society (and Len Ya'yullah Llkaperin Ali Al-Mawmain Sayyla, never God has set a way for the victory and domination of the unbelievers against the Muslims. (۱۱۴) From the origin of state-building in Iran, the models presented and implemented by the dominant intellectuals and statesmen, expressed and influenced by the ideas of humanism, liberalism, and modern experience have been. The victory of the Islamic Revolution and the acceptance of Imam Khomeini as the advancement of the revolution by the political intellectual movements led to the establishment of a religious system in the form of Velayat-e faqih and the normalization of relations between the sovereignty of the people and the people. The process of this process can be called the model of political development in the Islamic Republic, which has been implemented in conjunction with Velayat-e faqih. Undoubtedly, opening up affiliated and continuous questions in this regard is how is the relationship between religion and politics in the Muslim world? What are the opinions of philosophers and jurisprudents in the theory of velayat-e faqih? Does the Islamic Republic, by designing the category of Velayat-e faqih, has the capacity to build political planning and development? In this essay, the author will attempt to analyze and revisit Velayat-e faqih as the most important process of political development




Keywords

Political Islam  Political Development  Velayat e Faqih  Institutionalization  Religious Democracy 



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