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Iranian Journal of Veterinary Clinical Sciences
Evaluation sedation and anesthesia effects of Dianthus (Syzygium aromaticum), Lavender (lavandula officinalis) and Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) plants on Astronatus ocellatus fish


 submission: - | acception: - | publication: 10/03/2019

DOI 

Authors
Abbas Raeisi1*, Farshid Davoodi2, Soroush Afshar3, Shayan Taheri4, elham yousefian5, siavash sharifi6

1-،raisi.a@lu.ac.ir

2-،davoodi.f@lu.ac.ir

3-،afshar.s@lu.ac.ir

4-،taheri.s@lu.ac.ir

5-،elham_yousefian2711@yahoo.com

6-،drsharifisiavash94@gmail.com



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Abstract

Various chemical substances are used as anesthetic agents in fish farms and research centers. The aim of this study was evaluation of sedation and anesthesia effects of Dianthus (Syzygium aromaticum), Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) and Lavender (lavandula officinalis) plants on Astronatus ocellatus fish by immersion technique. For this purpose, ۳۰ fish with an average size of ۶±۰.۵ centimeters were selected and divided in three groups. Dianthus at a ۰.۳ g/l, Valerian at a ۱.۸ ml/l and Lavender at a ۱.۸ ml/l concentration were used. Anesthesia onset, duration and recovery time were recorded separately for each group. Valerian extract was not anesthetized fish and only occasioned their sedation. Dianthus and lavender caused anesthesia that anesthesia times in dianthus was shorter than lavender. But only anesthesia duration time with lavander in comparison with dianthus was significantly (P<۰.۰۵). Yet, there is no report about using lavender as an anaesthetic in fish.In this study Lavender was used because of its sedative and analgesic effects.it can be used in fish anesthesia because of good induction and anesthesia time, accessibility and suitable price.




Keywords

Lavender Fish Dianthus Valerian Anesthesia  



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