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Iranian Journal of Veterinary Clinical Sciences
Epidemiological surveillance of Livestock brucellosis in Borujen City during 2010 - 2016


 submission: 05/02/2019 | acception: 13/08/2019 | publication: 05/07/2020

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Abstract

Summary Brucellosis is the most important and the most common zoonotic diseases all throughout the world. Brucellosis control in animals results in a significant reduction in human disease. The Purpose of this study was epidemiological surveillance of livestock brucellosis in borujen city during ۲۰۱۰-۲۰۱۶. Data of performed screening and supplementary tests and livestock vaccination by year and livestock type (cattle, sheep and goats) were obtained from the animal disease control department of Veterinary office of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province. Data were analyzed by SPSS software version ۱۶ with descriptive statistics. ۲۵۲۲۶ cases of cows, ۳۵۰۰۰ cases of sheep and ۱۳۰۰ cases of goats were detected for brucellosis, which ۱۶۱ (۰.۶۴%), ۲ (۰.۰۰۶%) and ۲ (۰.۱۵%) of the samples were infected respectively during ۲۰۱۰ to ۲۰۱۶. The highest amount of brucellosis contamination in livestock population of Borujen city was in ۲۰۱۳ with ۵۵ cases of cows. Over the ۷ years, ۱۴۰۳۳ cases of cows (۹۳.۰۸%), ۸۳۶۲ cases of calves (۷۵.۰۲%), ۳۸۸۶۵۹ cases of sheep and goats (۸۷.۲۲%) and ۳۰۶۵۰۰ cases of lambs and kids (۸۸.۴%) were vaccinated. In livestock vaccination against brucellosis, the highest vaccination rate (۹۶.۶%) was observed in cattle and the lowest (۱۴.۵%) was in calves in ۲۰۱۳. According to the results of the study and the reduction rate of brucellosis in cattle, sheep and goats’ population during the years ۲۰۱۰-۲۰۱۶, and the increasing trend of vaccination of animals against brucellosis, the vaccination program could be more focused to controlling the disease.




Keywords

Epidemiologic  Brucellosis  Borujen  livestock Population  Vaccination  



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