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Iranian Journal of Research in Applied Linguistics
Author Guidelines

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Before you prepare and submit your manuscript to IJRAL, we strongly recommend that you read and fully understand research ethics, Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs), and IJRAL manuscript Review Process. The peer review process may take, at least, anywhere between 4 to 6 months.

Before You Begin

Submissions that fail to follow our guidelines will not be processed. Authors are expected to (1) read and follow IJRAL author guidelines, IJRAL Code of Conduct, and APA Editorial Style, and (2) submit a complete packet to the journal for evaluation.

Basic Considerations

Please make sure that you observe these points:

  • Honestly follow academic codes of ethics in publication (i.e., avoid plagiarism, fraud, double/parallel submission, self-plagiarism, etc.).
  • Avoid citing predatory journals and predatory publishers.
  • Avoid citing irrelevant sources, notorious/questionable people, and questionable/pseudo-science publications.
  • Cite current sources. Citations to older sources (i.e., sources published 5-plus years ago) should be sparse and ONLY limited to ground-breaking classic and seminal works (e.g., Austin/Searle on pragmatics, Chomsky on standard theory, Sperber and Wilson on relevance theory, Brown and Levinson on politeness, etc.).
  • Prepare the Title Page (with author details, contact, and biodata) and the utterly blind Manuscript files.
  • The manuscript should be utterly blind: Do NOT directly or indirectly reveal your identity to the reviewers.
  • If your manuscript includes symbols (i.e., special characters, IPA transcriptions, etc.), also submit a PDF version of your manuscript.
  • Enclose the Title Page, the Manuscript, and all the other supplementary files in just ONE e-mail message addressed to IJRAL.
  • Make sure you have named the right organization as your affiliation.

Manuscript Preparation

Please observe ALL of the following points in preparing your manuscript.

  • Write your text in error-free native (-like) English.
  • Use American or British English, but not a combination of the two.
  • The texts should be in paragraph-style format.
  • Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible.
  • Avoid footnotes, endnotes, TABs, etc. However, do feel free to use bold face, italics, subscripts, and superscripts where needed.
  • Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections (1., 2., etc.) and subsections (1.1., 1.2., etc.).
  • Any section/subsection should be given a brief heading (3 to 5 words). Each heading/subheading should appear on its own separate line.
  • Avoid first person usage if you cite any previously published works of your own.
  • Use a two-part title, kept apart with a colon (:) and only capitalize the first letter of each part (in addition to proper nouns/adjectives). Make the manuscript title as short and informative as it can get.
  • Use a single-paragraph abstract (150-200 words, with basic rhetorical moves, i.e., Introduction, Method, Results, Discussion [IMRD]).
  • Provide a set of 5 to 7 keywords separated by semicolons (;). Avoid general and plural terms and multiple concepts.
  • Closely follow the APA Editorial Style throughout your manuscript.
  • For cocitations (i.e., citing two or more sources/authors within the same pair of brackets), use alphabetical and then chronological ordering).

References List Preparation

Meticulously follow the APA Editorial Style throughout your list of References. There should be a one-to-one correspondence between the sources cited/quoted and the ones referenced. List the sources first alphabetically by author last names (from A to Z) and then chronologically (from past to present) for more sources by the same author. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters a, b, c, etc., placed after the year of publication. Follow these examples (note the use of commas, italics, capitalization, type of publication, sorting, etc.):


Brown, G., & Yule, G. (1983). Discourse analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gibbs, R. W. (2006). Embodiment and cognitive science. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Chapters in Books

Cacciari, C., & Glucksberg, S. (1994). Understanding figurative language. In M. A. Gernsbacher (Ed.), Handbook of psycholinguistics (pp. 447-478). San Diego: Academic Press.

Kellerman, E. (2001). New uses for old language: Cross-linguistic and cross-gestural influence in the narratives of native speakers. In J. Ceñoz, B. Hufeisen, & U. Jessner (Eds.), Cross-linguistic influence in third language acquisition (pp. 170-91). Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.

Journal Articles

Blasko, D. G., & Connine, C. M. (1993). Effects of familiarity and aptness on metaphor processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 19, 295-308.

Hakuta, K. (1976). A case study of a Japanese child learning English as a second language. Language Learning, 26(2), 321-351.

M.A. Theses

Martinez, F. E. (2003). Exploring figurative language processing in bilinguals: The metaphor interference effect. Unpublished master’s thesis, Texas A&M International University, USA.

Ph.D. Dissertations

Cameron, L. (1997). Metaphorical use of language in educational discourse: A theoretical and empirical investigation. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of London, Institute of Education, England.


JACET Basic Word Revision Committee. (2003). JACET list of 8000 basic words. Tokyo: Japan Association of College English Teachers.

Multiple Works, Same Author

Gibbs, R. W. (2006a). Embodiment and cognitive science. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Gibbs, R. W. (2006b). The psychological status of image schemas. In H. Beate (Ed.), From perception to meaning: Image schemas in cognitive linguistics (pp. 113-136). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Gibbs, R. W. (2006c). Metaphor interpretation as embodied simulation. Mind & Language, 21, 434-458.

Gibbs, R. W. (2006d). Introspection and cognitive linguistics: Should we trust our intuitions? Annual Review of Cognitive Linguistics, 4, 135-152.

Conference Papers/Posters

Hashemian, M. (2010). Conceptual and metaphorical competences supplementing linguistics and communicative competences. Paper presented at the First National Conference on Language, Discourse, and Pragmatics (LDP2010), Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran.

Vaid, J., & Martinez, F. (2001). Figurative language processing in bilinguals: What transfers? Poster presented at Second International Symposium on Bilingualism, Bristol, UK.

Online Sources

Kecskes, I. (1999). Conceptual fluency and the use of situation-bound utterances in L2.  Retrieved August 10, 2016, from the World Wide Web: 11337397n7p145.pdf

Moser, K. S. (2000). Metaphor analysis in psychology: Method, theory, and fields of application. Retrieved May 23, 2016, from the World Wide Web:

Word Limit

Manuscripts sent to IJRAL should not exceed the following word limits, although the editor(s) will retain discretion to publish papers beyond in length in cases where the clear and concise expression of the scientific content requires greater length.

  • 8,000-10,000 words for full-length research papers (excluding references, tables, figures & Appendixes)
  • 5,000-7,000 words for conceptual/state-of-the-art/transfer papers
  • 3,000-4,000 words for forum papers and monographs
  • 1,500-2,000 words for book reviews

Where to Submit?

Please submit your complete submission packet to IJRAL via the journal site:

NOTE: Receipt of submissions that fail to follow the IJRAL author guidelines  will NOT be acknowledged.

What If Revisions Are Required?

In most cases, IJRAL reviewers recommend that authors revise their manuscripts and send their revisions to IJRAL for further processing. In such cases, authors may want to accept some of the comments and suggestions that have been made by the reviewers and, at the same time, refute some others. It is strongly recommended that authors send in a “rebuttal” note (in the form of a Microsoft Word file named Rebuttal.doc or Rebuttal.docx) in which they respond to reviewers’ comments and suggestions item by item. They should clearly show which comments and suggestions they accept and which comments and suggestions they refute. Where a comment or suggestion is refuted, the author is expected to provide the reason as to why.

What Happens After a Submission Is Accepted?

Once a manuscript is accepted for publication, a DOC or DOCX proof will be sent to the corresponding author for final brush up. Corrected proofs must be returned to IJRAL within 48 hours of receipt (along with the completed-and-signed Copyright Form). Corresponding authors are expected to contact their coauthors and base the modifications on their comments and points, as well. After the corresponding author has sent the corrected proofs to IJRAL, no further modification is possible.

  • Coauthors should notice that IJRAL will not respond to their demands directly, and that they should only work with the corresponding coauthor of their manuscripts.

Is There Any Author Fee?

No! Currently, authors do not pay any author fees to get their manuscripts reviewed by IJRAL.




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