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Journal of Iran's Pre Islamic Archaeological Essays
The Study of the Pottery of Shahneshin Area in Historical Town of Frimes

 submission: - | acception: - | publication: 14/01/2019


Encyeh Khakbaz1*, Abed Taghavi2





According to historical sources, Frime city in Tabaristan Province, during the Sassanid and early Islamic centuries, was one of urban centers which have an active role in the cultural developments in Tabaristan. This city is the center of power of the Tabaristan local houses, namely Al-e Qaren and Al-e Bavand. Predominantly as a small area of the historical town of Frimes, during the years 2006, 2008, and 2009 were archaeological excavations. The results of these excavations have been architectural masterpieces, potteries, and other cultural findings. The need to study the works of ceramics in the city, mostly due to further understanding of the chronology and sequence of indicator species were babies in the early centuries of the region, despite the existence of Islamic sites from early centuries of Islamic sites scientific study on Islamic sites of Mazandaran focused on classification, typology and comparative study of potteries from excavations took place. According to historical sources, historical city of Ferim has been the local capital of Al-e- Bavand and Al-e-Qaren. This city located in one of the mountainous cities in Tabaristan Province. Based on evidences, Ferim has been an important element in economic and social changes in early Islamic Period. The results of this research show that indicator potteries from Ferim that this site has been two major types of potteries: unglazed potsherds and glazed potsherds. Also, there are 12 subgroups of two main types. Most important motives from these types included carved and graffito motives. These motives respectively 87% and 56%. These motives were used in early Islamic era. One of the indicator characteristics in early Islamic potteries has been the lack of intensive motives in centers of vessels and monochrome and opaque potsherds. Lack of lusterware and Minaei wares in Shahneshin site and extra production monochrome vessels will assign as middle-class society without political and economic elite class. Majority of these potsherds included from sand and with high-quality baking. This case shows that society is aware of numerous production potteries. Comparative studies pottery types discovered from others urban centers there are similarity aspect between motives, coveting, in urban centers such as Nishbour, bishapur, Gour, Darabgerd, Sarmashad, Jurjan, Sistan, Malin Bakharz, Daghyanoos, Sorkh Qale and Seymareh. Relative Chronology based on potteries evidence including to the late Sasanid era until 5 century A.D. according to historical text and archaeological evidence has assigned as dynamic urban spaces such as Shahneshin site in Tabaristan province in 3 and 4 century A.D. This study utilizes a descriptive analytical method and data collection documentary and field studies. Intended to provide relative chronology Shahneshin area is predominantly based on finding. Based on typological and statistical analysis of indicators and to making pottery historical context, established predominantly in the area of Shahneshin Frime, from the late Sassanid era began in the late fifth century AH. Glory period in this area has been third and fourth century AH.


Archaeology  Excavations  Frime  Islamic pottery  Shahneshin. 

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